Interview as a way of collecting information: strategy of concerns

Interview as a way of collecting information: strategy of concerns

It is important to differentiate interviews as an approach of gathering interviewing and information as a genre. In the 1st instance, interview, that is, interaction with individuals, is regarded as 3 ways to acquire information by a researcher. Two different ways are:

  • observation, once the researcher himself can be an eyewitness associated with occasion,
  • working together with documents, where in actuality the document means any material carrier texts that are containing pictures.

Kinds of interviews and their function

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in change are split into:

  • genre (for preparation of text when you look at the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the faculties of someone, then to reflect them into the text).

The reportage interview had been talked about when you look at the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative shall be told when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is meeting being a genre, as being a real way of text formatting in the shape of questions from a interviewer plus the responses regarding the interlocutor. At the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the range concerns regarding the researcher is minimized (sometimes they are not any after all), at the other pole – a discussion, once the journalist not just asks concerns, but also talks much with lengthy arguments.

The truth that the meeting is a discussion, shows concerning the same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion could be carried out by a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so your opinion with this journalist has also been interesting to readers, once the opinion of this interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Forms of interviews with regards to the topic. Subject meeting

With respect to the topic, you can find three forms of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in just about any field of activity. Frequently this might be an meeting with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist exactly as much as he could be connected with this situation. For instance, an officer tells just how to protect a flat from thieves. The physician explains how exactly to protect yourself from the flu epidemic. The monetary consultant makes a forecast just how long the crisis will likely be on the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the interview subject, nor the private life of the interlocutor is of great interest.

The structure regarding the interview that is subject of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there was a parsing associated with the subject for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and assessment. The interview that is subject aided by the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical tips to visitors.

The hero of this subject meeting can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This really is information meeting, among the news genres. The job regarding the journalist is always to learn whenever you can the main points and details of just what occurred. As with the truth of a specialist, the interlocutor’s communication aided by the subject is first shown, then your subject is deepened, while the ending is devoted to general impressions of just what happened therefore the conclusions that the interlocutor made.

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